Selected Researches on Family Planning in Indonesia 2005-2015
By Siswanto Agus Wilopo
Indonesia is well known for the success story in promoting and implementing family planning program nationally since 1970s. Prior to the introduction of the family planning programme in the 1970s, the total fertility rate (TFR) is 5.6. Over the subsequent period, the adoption of contraception along with changes in people’s perceptions regarding the ideal number of children and ideal age for marriage caused a dramatic decline in fertility levels.
During this period, the TFR declined from 5.6 in 1968 down to 2.6 births per woman in 2012, or a drop of around 50%, while the contraceptive prevalence increased from miniscule to 61.9 percent. As the family planning programme expands various studies, best practices and literatures are developed by various institutions including government institutions, research institutions, academicians, development partners and individual researchers.
The main objective of compilation and development of this annotated bibliography of
family planning is to document the recent studies and best practices in Indonesia during the period of ten years, from 2005 to 2015. The majority of the studies and best practices are those accepted for oral or poster presentations at the International Conference on Family Planning, Nusa Dua, Bali, 25-28 January 2016. All of these studies and best practices are compiled into one cohesive annotated bibliography. It is expected that this document serve as a reference for researchers and programme managers from various sectors within the Government of Indonesia, as well as international community.
This Selected Researches on Family Planning in Indonesia 2005-2015: an Annotated Bibliography is produced by the National Population and Family Planning Board (BKKBN) of Indonesia in collaboration with National Sub-Commitee of Scientific of the International Conference on Family Planning 2016, UNFPA and USAID. The papers contain useful information that will enrich the understanding of the family planning trends and issues in Indonesia. However, I would like to note that the opinions, findings and recommendations contained within the studies are solely the views of each individual researcher/writer, and may not necessarily reflect the views or policies of BKKBN, UNFPA and USAID.
I extend the appreciation and unbounded thanks to UNFPA Indonesia and USAID for their support. Similarly to the team of writers and all parties for their assistance in preparing this publication. May this publication motivate our courage and efforts to develop the better program in the future for Indonesia, as well as colleagues from various countries and development partners to get more useful information.